We have compiled a library of historic miscarriage of justice cases. These are not cases that have been investigated by Inside Justice as a unit, although different members of our Advisory Panel have often been instrumental in righting past wrongs listed here.
We have compiled this list from public records. We have tried to include every case widely considered to be a miscarriage of justice but if we have missed any, we would like to know. We hope this record serves as a reminder for why it is so important that prisoners who say they are innocent are listened to.
Anthony PooleServed 14 years
Convicted, with Gary Mills, of the murder of a fellow petty criminal in the course of a fight. The victim was not killed in the fight; he was taken to hospital, treated for 'superficial wounds' and then discharged, whereupon he was arrested and held in the cells. He was tended to in hospital again but released, only to die in police cells 15 hours after the fight.
Convictions quashed 2003.
Served 16 years
One of the Birmingham Six convicted of the IRA bombing of the Mulberry Bush and Tavern in the Town pubs in 1974 and the murder of 21 people. Campaign chaired by Paul May from 1985. Convictions quashed 1991. New scientific tests showed statements were altered at a later date, original forensic test results were discredited
Served 6 years
Convicted together with Winston Silcott and Mark Braithwaite for the murder of PC Keith Blakelock at the Broadwater Farm riots in North London in 1985.
Convictions quashed 1991 after forensic tests on pages of key interview records suggested they had been fabricated.
Served 2 years
A drama student jailed for five years in 1998 for the "Last Tango in Paris" rape of a young actress.
Freed after appeal judges were told that a key witness had not been available for cross-examination at the trial.
Served 15 years
One of the Guildford Four jailed for the IRA bombing of the Horse & Groom pub in 1974. Convictions overturned in 1989. Apology from Tony Blair 2005. Died 2013.
Served 15 years
Convicted in 1983 of the murder of a farmer, Daniel Sands, solely on his confession.
Quashed in 1998 after new psychiatric evidence showed that he was then in a vulnerable mental condition and tended to be compliant with people in authority.
Jim RobinsonServed 18 years
One of the Bridgewater Four convicted of the 1978 murder of 13-year-old paperboy Carl Bridgewater in Stourbridge, on a forged confession.
Campaign chaired by Paul May 1993-6.
Conviction quashed 1998, Henry Blaxland
Served 3 years. (Scotland)
Found guilty of the culpable homicide of James Higgins in Glasgow, 2004.
Conviction quashed 2007: â€œthe verdict must be regarded as one which no reasonable jury, properly directed, could have returned".
Served 11 years
One of the M25 Three (with Michael Davis and Randolph Johnson) jailed for the 1988 murder of hairdresser Peter Hurburgh and robbery.
Freed in 2000, Henry Blaxland junior counsel.
Served 8 years
Gurbinder Singh SamraServed 10 years
Jailed for life in 1995 for the murder of his wife Kulvinder Kaur. Samra plunged a ceremonial sword into her naked body after chasing her down a Black Country street.
Conviction quashed 2004 and a retrial ordered after medical reports indicated he may have been suffering from an "explosive personality disorder".
Convicted a third time in 2005.
Served 1 year
With Michael Beadle, David Noble and Craig Lane, convicted of the murder of Frederick Barnett in 1997.
Acquitted in 1998.
Hasham ShahServed 18 months
A Manchester taxi driver jailed for a gay sex attack at knifepoint. His unnamed accuser eventually admitted to the police that he had made up the story and was jailed for 15 months for perverting the course of justice.
Conviction quashed 2001.
Cornelius and Olbie ShawServed 8 years
Rape and indecent assault of a 14-year-old girl in 1988.
Convictions quashed 2001
Ellis SherwoodServed 11 years (Cardiff Newsagent Three)
Convicted, together with Michael Oâ€™Brien and Darren Hall, of the murder and robbery of Cardiff newsagent, Philip Saunders in 1988.
Convictions quashed 1999.
Michael ShirleyServed 16 years
Former sailor found guilty of killing Portsmouth barmaid Linda Cook, raped and murdered as she walked home from a friend's house in December 1986.
Conviction quashed 2003 after judges were told by Michael Mansfield, QC, that DNA found at the crime scene could not have been Shirley's.
Winston SilcottServed 6 years
Convicted together with Mark Braithwaite and Engin Raghip for the murder of PC Keith Blakelock at the Broadwater Farm riots in North London in 1985.
Convictions quashed 1991 after forensic tests on pages of key interview records suggested they had
Tarlochan Singh Gill
Served 10 years
Convicted aged 18 with three other youths of the murder of Wati Suri, a woman in her sixties who was beaten and strangled during a burglary in 1984. In 1985, the convictions of the other three were quashed because of lack of evidence; Gill's was upheld because his confession referred specifically to committing the murder. This had been beaten out of him by officers of West Midlands Serious Crime Squad.
Conviction quashed 1994.