Historic cases

We have compiled a library of historic miscarriage of justice cases. These are not cases that have been investigated by Inside Justice as a unit, although different members of our Advisory Panel have often been instrumental in righting past wrongs listed here.

We have compiled this list from public records. We have tried to include every case widely considered to be a miscarriage of justice but if we have missed any, we would like to know. We hope this record serves as a reminder for why it is so important that prisoners who say they are innocent are listened to.

Geoffrey Cheetham

Geoffrey Cheetham

Antonio Christie

Antonio Christie

Served 4 years

Convicted of the murder of footballer Kevin Nunes in Pattingham, Staffordshire, 2002.
Convictions quashed 2012 following an investigation by the CCRC into disclosure issues in the case.


Jan Christofides

10 years

Convicted of the murder of Peter Maffey in March 1992. Maffey died from a pulmonary embolism resulting from a brain injury, allegedly caused when he was hit on the head by a pool cue wielded by Christofides in a public house.
Conviction quashed 2001.

Thomas Clancy


Donna Clarke

Donna Clarke

Served 4 years

One of the Gurnos Three jailed along with her aunt Annette Hewins for an arson attack which led to the death of a young mother and her two children on the Gurnos Estate in Merthyr Tydfil. Convictions quashed 1999.

Major doubts had been raised about the convictions by Bob Woffinden in the Guardian in 1997.



Sally Clarke

Sally Clarke

Served 3 years

Solicitor convicted in 1999 for smothering 11-week-old son Christopher in 1996 and shaking eight-week-old Harry to death two years later. She maintained that they died of cot death syndrome.

Leading paediatrician Sir Roy Meadow told the jury there was a one in 73 million chance of two cot deaths occurring naturally in the same family - something he estimated would happen less than once a century. In fact, actual incidence of a second cot death, as others have since pointed out, could be as low as 1 in 64.
Convictions quashed 2003. Macclesfield Hospital records of one infant’s death weren’t disclosed to the defence. The one in 73 million statistic was "grossly misleading".

Died aged 42 in 2007.


Mark Cleary

Served 9 years

Convicted in 1986, jointly with another man, of murder. The evidence against him rested entirely on his own 'admissions'. Conviction quashed in 1994, largely due to an investigation by Trial and Error.


Anthony Mark Clibery

Convicted in 1998 of two counts of raping his wife Evelyn at their home Tilston, near Malpas.


Conviction quashed 2005.


Gerry Conlon

Gerry Conlon

Served 15 years

One of the Guildford Four jailed for the IRA bombing of the Horse & Groom pub in 1974.
Convictions overturned in 1989 when solicitor Gareth Peirce found crucial alibi evidence, proving Conlon could not been the bomber. There was also evidence of police collusion on fabricating the statements, the only evidence produced against them at the original trial.

Apology from Tony Blair 2005.


Guiseppe Conlon

Guiseppe Conlon

Served 5 years, died in prison 1980

One of the Maguire Seven (Anne, Patrick, Patrick Jr and Vincent Maguire, Guiseppe Conlon, Patrick O’Neill and Sean Smyth) jailed for possession of explosives for the IRA Guildford bombings in 1974.
Giuseppe had travelled from Belfast to help his son Gerry in the Guildford Four trial.

Convictions quashed 1991.


Valentine Cooke


David Cooper

David  Cooper

Served 10 years Died 1995

Convicted with Michael McMahon for the 1969 Luton post office murder of Reginald Stevens, a sub-postmaster who was shot dead during a bungled robbery by a four-man gang. A third man, Patrick Murphy, was also convicted, but released on appeal in 1973. Released on licence 1980.

Convictions quashed 2003 thanks to solicitor Gareth Peirce.


Owen Crooks

Owen Crooks

Served 4 years

Convicted of the murder of footballer Kevin Nunes in Pattingham, Staffordshire, 2002.
Convictions quashed 2012 following an investigation by the CCRC into disclosure issues in the case.


Darren Cullen

Served 4 Years

Convicted of murdering Leon Murphy with a cricket bat and snooker cue.
Quashed 2008.

John Joseph Cummiskey

John Joseph Cummiskey

Mark Dallagher

Mark Dallagher

Served 7 years

Convicted in 1998 of the murder of 94-year-old Dorothy Wood in Huddersfield, on the strength of an earprint found on the glass of the window through which the intruder had entered her house. The prosecution expert, Cornelis Van Der Lugt, told the court he was "absolutely convinced" that the prints were those of Mr Dallagher's ears. The case made legal history as the first in which earprints led to a successful prosecution.


Charges formally dropped in 2004 after A DNA profile from the earprint proved that it was not Dallagher's.  


Paul Darvell

Paul Darvell

Served 7 years

Convicted, with brother Wayne, on the basis of Wayne’s alleged confession (his IQ borders on the subnormal), of murdering Sandra Phillips in 1986. The 38-year-old had been strangled, beaten, sexually assaulted and her body splashed with petrol at the Swansea sex shop where she worked.
Freed in 1992 after a campaign led by the BBC's Rough Justice television programme.


Found dead in 2005, aged 42.


Wayne Darvell

Wayne Darvell

Served 7 years

Convicted, with brother Paul, on the basis of alleged confession (Wayne’s IQ borders on the subnormal), of murdering Sandra Phillips in 1986. The 38-year-old had been strangled, beaten, sexually assaulted and her body splashed with petrol at the Swansea sex shop where she worked.


Freed in 1992 after a campaign led by the BBC's Rough Justice television programme


George Davis

George Davis

Served 2 years

Sentenced to 20 years in 1975 over an armed robbery at the London Electricity Board in Ilford, Essex.
Freed 1976 under the Royal Prerogative of Mercy, sanctioned by the Queen, but not found innocent.

Conviction quashed 2011


Michael Davis

Michael Davis

Served 11 years

One of the M25 Three (with Randolph Johnson and Raphael Rowe) jailed for the 1988 murder of hairdresser Peter Hurburgh and robbery.

Freed in 2000, Henry Blaxland junior counsel.