We have compiled a library of historic miscarriage of justice cases. These are not cases that have been investigated by Inside Justice as a unit, although different members of our Advisory Panel have often been instrumental in righting past wrongs listed here.
We have compiled this list from public records. We have tried to include every case widely considered to be a miscarriage of justice but if we have missed any, we would like to know. We hope this record serves as a reminder for why it is so important that prisoners who say they are innocent are listened to.
Served 8 years
Convicted in 2001 of the murder of Jill Dando, a BBC TV presenter shot dead outside her home in Fulham, west London, in April 1999.
Acquitted at a retrial in 2008 but denied compensation.
Michael GilfillanServed 4 years
Convicted of kicking Cardiff neighbour John Purbrick to death in 1994.
Conviction quashed in 1998 in favour of manslaughter and diminished responsibility due to paranoid schizophrenia.
Raymond GilmourServed 20 years
Convicted of the 1981 rape and murder of schoolgirl Pamela Hastie. Gilmour was a serial flasher.
Conviction overturned after he told judges he made a false confession.
Served 2 years
Jailed for life aged 18 in 2008 for the murder of care assistant Magda Pniewska in New Cross, south London, in October 2007. She was caught in crossfire between Gnango and a man who was never caught.
Conviction quashed but reinstated in 2011 after judges ruled Gnango's actions had aided and abetted the killing and the verdict had been wrongly quashed.
Iain Hay GordonServed 7 years
Convicted of murder in 1953 on the strength of his 'confession'. He spent seven years in a mental institution before being released (he was spared the gallows having been found guilty but insane).
In 2000 the Court of Appeal 'threw out' the confession.
Erkin GuneyServed 7 years
Framed for heroin possession by members of the then Stoke Newington drugs squad.
Conviction quashed 2003. The corrupt detectives were neither prosecuted nor publicly identified. The Metropolitan police stated they were no longer serving officers.
Robert Alan HaddonServed 23 years
Convicted of the murder of his baby daughter.
Quashed 2003 in favour of manslaughter and diminished responsibility due to personality disorder.
Christopher HaganServed 14 years
Convicted of armed robbery in 1983 with John Wilson following evidence from former Thursday Gang member turned supergrass Richard Mackay and investigations by the discredited West Midlands Serious Crime Squad.
Convictions quashed 2003
Alexander HallServed 11 years (Scotland)
A former policeman who faced an historic second trial for the murder of secretary Lorna Porter. The second jury found the case ‘not proven’.
Served 11 years (Cardiff Newsagent Three)
Convicted, together with Ellis Sherwood and Michael O’Brien, of the murder and robbery of Cardiff newsagent, Philip Saunders in 1988.
Convictions quashed 1999
Sam HallamServed 7 years
Jailed in 2005 over the death of Essayas Kassahun in Clerkenwell, central London.
Conviction quashed 2012 after a campaign led by Paul May. Photographs on Mr Hallam's mobile phone which would have helped his defence were not shown at trial (lead counsel Henry Blaxland QC, junior Peter Wilcock)
Robert HaughtonServed 6 years
Convicted of a shooting in Birmingham's Acapulco night club on the evidence of the now discredited West Midlands Police Serious Crime Squad. Conviction quashed 1992.
John HemphillServed 6 years
Found guilty of the murder of his former girlfriend Sarah Jane Cannon in 1995.
Conviction quashed 2001 because of failures in the case prepared by his defence team, which included the leading QC, Donald Findlay.
Annette HewinsServed 3 years
One of the Gurnos Three jailed along with her niece Donna Clarke for an arson attack which led to the death of a young mother and her two children on the Gurnos Estate in Merthyr Tydfil. Convictions quashed 1999. Major doubts had been raised about the convictions by Bob Woffinden in the Guardian in 1997
Vincent and Michael HickeyServed 18 years
Two of the Bridgewater Four (the others being Jim Robinson and Patrick Molloy) convicted of the murder of 13-year-old paperboy Carl Bridgewater on a forged confession. Campaign chaired by Paul May 1993-6.
Convictions quashed 1998, Henry Blaxland junior counsel.
Dudley HigginsServed 3 years
Convicted of a post office robbery in 2000, Higgins was approached in prison a month later by the actual robber, who confessed to the crime and apologised.
Conviction quashed 2003. A key witness statement was "clearly suppressed" by investigating officer DC Patricia Mooney of the West Midlands Police, and not disclosed to the defence.
Served 17 years
One of the Birmingham Six convicted of the IRA bombing of the Mulberry Bush and Tavern in the Town pubs in 1974 and the murder of 21 people. Campaign chaired by Paul May from 1985. Convictions quashed 1991.
Founded MOJO (www.miscarriagesofjustice.org)
Served 15 years
One of the Guildford Four jailed for the IRA bombing of the Horse & Groom pub in 1974. Convictions overturned in 1989.
Apology from Tony Blair 2005