Historic cases

We have compiled a library of historic miscarriage of justice cases. These are not cases that have been investigated by Inside Justice as a unit, although different members of our Advisory Panel have often been instrumental in righting past wrongs listed here.

We have compiled this list from public records. We have tried to include every case widely considered to be a miscarriage of justice but if we have missed any, we would like to know. We hope this record serves as a reminder for why it is so important that prisoners who say they are innocent are listened to.

George Kelly

George Kelly

Hanged 1950

Executed following what was then the longest criminal trial in English legal history. The crime shocked postwar Britain: Leonard Thomas, manager of the Cameo Cinema in Wavertree, Liverpool, and his assistant, John Catterall, were killed during a bungled burglary in March 1949.


Conviction quashed 2003: the appeal judges heard that a statement given by a prosecution witness, claiming a man called Donald Johnson had confessed to the crime, had not been disclosed at the original trial


Simon Kennedy

Manslaughter


Quashed 2005


Afzal Khan

Afzal Khan

Served 3 years


Jailed for the murder of 23-year-old Isiah Young-Sam during the 2005 Birmingham riots. Conviction quashed 2008.


Azhill Khan

Azhill Khan

Served 3 years


Jailed for the murder of 23-year-old Isiah Young-Sam during the 2005 Birmingham riots. Conviction quashed 2008.


Hassan Khan

Hassan Khan

Framed by West Midlands Serious Crime Squad on robbery charges. Igor Judge’s very first trial as a judge. He was prosecutor at 1987 Birmingham Six appeal and later Lord Chief Justice. Mr Justice Judge discounted evidence that at time of robbery Khan had his foot in plaster despite witnesses saying the actual robber had run away at high speed.

Conviction quashed in 1990.
Convicted of another armed robbery in 2002. A pair of sunglasses, evidence which could clear him, appears to have been lost by police.


Ashley King

Served 14 years

Convicted together with Billy Waugh in July 1986 of killing Margaret Greenwood, 58, bludgeoned to death at her home in Houghton-le-Spring, Tyne and Wear, in what was known as the "penny for the guy" murder.
Conviction quashed 1999.


Stefan Kiszko

Stefan KiszkoServed 16 years

Convicted of the (sexual) murder of a young girl in 1976. Released in 1992, he died of a heart attack the following year aged 44. His mother, who had waged a long campaign to prove her son's innocence, died six months later.
Stefan Kiszko suffered from XYY syndrome and would have been physically incapable of the sex crime.
Conviction quashed thanks to solicitor Campbell Malone.


Sam Kulasingham

Served 6 years


One of the East Ham Two, the other being Prem Sivalingham: two Tamil men wrongly convicted of a firebombing in which three Tamil people were murdered.
Sam Kulasingham staged a 53 day hunger strike protesting his innocence in 1992. A campaign was led by Paul May.


Convictions quashed 1994 based on “wholesale breaches” of PACE, the Police and Criminal Evidence Act. The men were beaten and intimidated because of their refugee status.


Craig Lane

Served 1 year

With Gary Shaffi, David Noble and Michael Beadle, convicted of the murder of Frederick Barnett in 1997.
Acquitted in 1998.

Ian Lawless

Ian Lawless

Served 8 years

A former cellarman given a life sentence in 2002 for setting fire to the flat of 67-year-old retired sea captain Alf Wilkins in Grimsby. Wilkins had recently been cleared of abusing a nine-year-old girl.
Quashed 2009 on fresh medical evidence. Lawless was a fantasist.


Michael Lawson

Michael Lawson

Served 3 years

Former policeman and one of two Merseyside care home workers imprisoned for serious sexual offences against boys in their care, the other being Basil Williams-Rigby.

Quashed 2003. "They have been stuck away in prison for more than three years for offences that never happened." Chris Saltrese, solicitor.



Andrew Lay

Served 3 years

Indecent assault (x2); unlawful sexual intercourse with a girl under 16 (x2); gross indecency with a child; making an indecent photograph of a child (x25).
Quashed 2006


George Lewis

Served 5 years

Jailed for robbery after being beaten by a West Midlands Serious Crime Squad detective and made to sign a confession. Released in 1992


Paul Lindo


George Long

Served 16 years

A former soldier jailed for life in 1979, the only evidence an admission, quickly retracted, that he killed Gary Wilson, 14.
Conviction quashed 1995 after army medical records, available before his trial but not put before the jury, showed him to be suicidal and prone to fantasy.


Daniel Lynch


Eammon MacDermott

Eammon MacDermottServed 15 years

Convicted with Raymond McCartney of the murder of RUC officer Patrick McNulty in Derry in January 1977.
Quashed 2007: confessions obtained under duress.


Harry MacKenney

Served 23 years


Convicted, with Terry Pinfold, after being implicated in a string of murders by a former employee, Bruce Childs, who had confessed to a series of contract killings.
Convictions quashed 2003.

Lord Woolf, the Lord Chief Justice, said fresh evidence showed Childs, regarded as an unsatisfactory witness even at the trial, was a "pathological liar".


Annie Maguire

Annie  Maguire

Served 10 years


One of the Maguire Seven (Anne, Patrick, Patrick Jr and Vincent Maguire, Guiseppe Conlon, Patrick O’Neill and Sean Smyth) jailed for possession of explosives for the IRA Guildford bombings in 1974. Convictions quashed 1991.


Patrick Maguire

Patrick MaguireServed 10 years

One of the Maguire Seven (Anne, Patrick, Patrick Jr and Vincent Maguire, Guiseppe Conlon, Patrick O’Neill and Sean Smyth) jailed for possession of explosives for the IRA Guildford bombings in 1974. Convictions quashed 1991