We have compiled a library of historic miscarriage of justice cases. These are not cases that have been investigated by Inside Justice as a unit, although different members of our Advisory Panel have often been instrumental in righting past wrongs listed here.
We have compiled this list from public records. We have tried to include every case widely considered to be a miscarriage of justice but if we have missed any, we would like to know. We hope this record serves as a reminder for why it is so important that prisoners who say they are innocent are listened to.
Served 5 years
Patrick Maguire Jr.
Served 4 years
One of the Maguire Seven (Anne, Patrick, Patrick Jr and Vincent Maguire, Guiseppe Conlon, Patrick Oâ€™Neill and Sean Smyth) jailed for possession of explosives for the IRA Guildford bombings in 1974. Patrick Jr was 13.
Convictions quashed 1991.
Sydney George Mair
Served 13 years
Served 5 years
Mahmood Hussein Mattan
Convicted of the murder of Miss Lily Volpert in her shop in Cardiff. Conviction ruled unsafe because the evidence of the main prosecution witness was unreliable, quashed 1998.
Served 25 years
Served 18 months
Served 17 years
Convicted with Eamonn Macdermott of the murder of RUC officer Patrick McNulty in Derry in January 1977.
Quashed 2007: confessions obtained under duress
John Lyon Mccloy
Served 7 years (Scotland)
Found guilty of the 1999 murder of Yvonne Davidson. Evidence produced at trial showed that the dead woman's liver contained 1,064 mgs of chloroform per kilo on analysis. The trial judge told the jury that if they believed Ms Davidson had swallowed the drug rather than inhaled it they should acquit.
The appeal found the concentration of the drug had been overstated 1,000 times following an arithmetical error in a laboratory. The signs found were now consistent with the chloroform having been swallowed
Served 10 years
Wrongly identified as the perpetrator of serious sexual attacks. Conviction quashed 1991. Tests proved he could not have been the rapist. Deceased
Dick McIIkennyDick McIlkenny.
Served 16 years
One of the Birmingham Six convicted of the IRA bombing of the Mulberry Bush and Tavern in the Town pubs in 1974 and the murder of 21 people. Campaign chaired by Paul May from 1985. Convictions quashed 1991. Died 2006.
Served 10 years
Convicted of sexual offences against a young boy.
Convictions quashed 1998 after an investigation by South Yorkshire Police into the initial Humberside inquiry revealed the convictions were ''wholly and completely wrong.''
Served 10 years. Died 1995.
Convicted with David Cooper for the 1969 Luton post office murder of Reginald Stevens, a sub-postmaster who was shot dead during a bungled robbery by a four-man gang. A third man, Patrick Murphy, was also convicted, but released on appeal in 1973. Released on licence 1980.
Convictions quashed 2003 thanks to solicitor Gareth Peirce.
Thomas Dennis Mcmillan
Danny McNameeServed 12 years
The "Hyde Park bomber", convicted in 1987 of conspiracy to cause explosions. An appeal was dismissed in 1991. The subject of a Trial and Error investigation and a campaign chaired by Paul May from 1996, his was the first case referred to the Court of Appeal by the CCRC, 1997.
Conviction quashed in 1998: the verdict was unsafe because of failure to disclose relevant evidence, and fingerprint evidence was erroneous (Henry Blaxland junior counsel).
Served 18 years (Scotland)
Jailed in 1985 for the killing of Elizabeth "Totsie" Sutherland at her home in Culbokie on the Black Isle. He was convicted following evidence from Detective Superintendent Andrew Lister, who told the original trial that a footprint in Mrs Sutherland's garden matched Mr McPhee's size nine shoes and that it had been confirmed by forensic scientists. However, a laboratory report on a plaster cast of the footprint was found to state that the interpretation of size was "impossible". The document was withheld from the trial.
Conviction quashed 2005.
Served 3 years
Convicted of the manslaughter of Mark Sharp in Luton.
Quashed 1998: the judges ruled that the jury should have been directed more fully on the law of joint enterprise, which had been clarified since Miah's conviction by the House of Lords decision in R v Powell and R v English
Served 4 years (One of the Cardiff Three)
Convicted for the murder of Lynette White in 1988.
Cleared on appeal in 1992.
In 2003 new DNA techniques identified the real killer as Jeffrey Gafoor, who confessed to White's murder and was sentenced to life imprisonment.