We have compiled a library of historic miscarriage of justice cases. These are not cases that have been investigated by Inside Justice as a unit, although different members of our Advisory Panel have often been instrumental in righting past wrongs listed here.
We have compiled this list from public records. We have tried to include every case widely considered to be a miscarriage of justice but if we have missed any, we would like to know. We hope this record serves as a reminder for why it is so important that prisoners who say they are innocent are listened to.
Served 14 years
Convicted, with Tony Poole, of the murder of a fellow petty criminal in the course of a fight. The victim was not killed in the fight; he was taken to hospital, treated for 'superficial wounds' and then discharged, whereupon he was arrested and held in the cells. He was tended to in hospital again but released, only to die in police cells 15 hours after the fight.
Convictions quashed 2003.
Served 1 year. Died in custody 1981.
One of the Bridgewater Four convicted of the manslaughter of 13-year-old paperboy Carl Bridgewater on a forged confession. Campaign chaired by Paul May 1993-6.
Conviction quashed 1998, Henry Blaxland junior counsel.
Served 9 years
Jailed for 30 years in 1990 for his role in the IRA's bomb factory in Clapham, south west London. He stood trial after MI6 officers acting on authority of Margaret Thatcher unlawfully abducted him from Zimbabwe where he had fled.
Conviction quashed in 1999 on abuse of process grounds
Served 10 years
Sentenced to life imprisonment, together with John Brannan, for the murder of Michael Pollitt in a Manchester nightclub in 1991.
Convictions quashed 2002
Anne Marie Murray
Served 17 years
A former postman given a discretionary life sentence in 1997 for the attempted rape of a woman leaving a nightclub.
Conviction quashed 2013 when DNA evidence was finally examined on the urging of appeal lawyers (lead counsel Peter Wilcock QC), identfying another unknown man as the perpetrator.
Served 23 years
Convicted in 1975 of the murder of Gladys Heath at her home in Worthing and sentenced to life imprisonment.
An appeal was refused in 1977. Referred back by the CCRC, the conviction was quashed in 1998 on the basis of new pathological evidence which indicated that Mrs Heath had died from natural causes.
Served 1 year
With Gary Shaffi, Michael Beadle and Craig Lane, convicted of the murder of Frederick Barnett in 1997.
Acquitted in 1998.
Served 14 years
Found guilty of bludgeoning 64-year-old Eric Carver to death at his home in Lenton, Nottingham, in 1980.
Conviction quashed 2006: confession under duress.
Served 11 years (Cardiff Newsagent Three)
Convicted, together with Ellis Sherwood and Darren Hall, of the murder and robbery of Cardiff newsagent, Philip Saunders in 1988. Convictions quashed
Served 12 years
One of the Maguire Seven (Annie, Patrick, Patrick Jr and Vincent Maguire, Guiseppe Conlon, Patrick O’Neill and Sean Smyth) jailed for possession of explosives for the IRA Guildford bombings in 1974. Convictions quashed 1991 thanks to human rights solicitor Gareth Peirce.
Served 4 years
Convicted of the murder of footballer Kevin Nunes in Pattingham, Staffordshire, 2002.
Convictions quashed 2012 following an investigation by the CCRC into disclosure issues in the case.
Served 2 years
Found guilty of armed robbery of a supermarket and sentenced to 7 years in a Young Offenders Institution.
In 2000 appeal court judges concluded that DNA profiling of a trainer shoe, a crucial piece of evidence in the trial, gave powerful support to Mr Otoo's explanation that he had been forced to change shoes with a man who he alleged was one of the robbers. The profiling technique had not been available at the time of the trial three years earlier.
Tony ParisServed 4 years (One of the Cardiff Three)
Convicted for the murder of Lynette White in 1988.
Cleared on appeal in 1992.
Mohammed Yusef PatelServed 2 years
An accountant sentenced to four years in 1987 for allegedly prejudicing an international drugs investigation.
Conviction quashed in 2000 after it was ruled that part of his confession had been rewritten by a police officer.
Donald PendletonServed 15 years
Jailed for taking part in the killing of Bradford newspaper seller Bernard Clark, Pendleton had been eliminated by the police from their murder inquiry but 14 years later was arrested and charged when another man suspected of the killing allegedly implicated him in the crime.
Conviction quashed 2001, Henry Blaxland junior counsel
Terry PinfoldServed 23 years
Convicted, with Harry Mackenney, after being implicated in a string of murders by a former employee, Bruce Childs, who had confessed to a series of contract killings.
Convictions quashed 2003.
Lord Woolf, the Lord Chief Justice, said fresh evidence showed Childs, regarded as an unsatisfactory witness even at the trial, was a "pathological liar".