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News Round-Up Week Ending 6.11.15
(Posted on 06/11/15)Share:
In a unique countdown, Prison Night reveals the number one prison movie, as voted for by British inmates, and explores the truth behind the world's most memorable prison films.
The 90 minute special goes out on Saturday 7 November, 9pm on Channel 4.
Cognitive bias in forensics
The Forensic Science regulator has concluded a year-long consultation on â€˜Cognitive bias effects relevant to forensic science examinations: draft guidanceâ€™. The draft overview states:
â€œCognition is the mental process of knowing, including awareness, perception, reasoning and judgement. Cognitive bias may be defined as a pattern of deviation in judgement whereby inferences about other people and situations may be drawn in an illogical fashion.
â€œWe all tend to display bias in judgements that we make in everyday life, indeed this is a natural element of the human psyche: Jumping to a conclusion, tunnel vision, only seeing what we want to see, being influenced by the views of others, are all behaviours we recognise in ourselves and others.
â€œHowever whilst such biases may be commonplace and part of human nature, it is essential to guard against these in forensic science, where many processes require subjective evaluations and interpretations. The consequences of cognitive bias may be far-reaching: decisions by the investigator to follow a particular line of enquiry, the CPS to prosecute or not, and decisions in the CJS as to guilt or innocence of an individual upon which may rest their liberty or even their life in some jurisdictions, frequently depends on the reliability of the forensic evidence and the conclusions drawn from its interpretation.â€